Buy our cars:

Explore more than 60 years of research

The E.V.A. Initiative

We have studied more than 43,000 cars in real-life accidents with 72,000 occupants since the 1950s.

This collection of documents is the sample of the result of all our research and safety development, some to which access has been limited, up until now.

Throughout the years, it has contributed to many innovative systems such as WHIPS (Whiplash Injury Protection System), SIPS (Side Impact Protection System), and numerous child safety products.

We are now sharing this research by letting everyone download more than 40 years of research. We hope this will lead to safer cars for everyone - regardless of gender and size. Because at Volvo Cars, we will always put people first.

Mellander H, Bohlin N, A comparison between different dummies in car to car side impacts, The 8th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Wolfburg, Germany, 1980

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Chest / pelvis side impact

Norin H, Nilsson-Ehle A, Gustavsson C, Volvo Traffic Accident Research Systems as a Tool for Side Impact Protection and Development, The 9th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Kyoto, Japan, 1982

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Chest / pelvis side impact

Nilsson M, Andersson K, Nilsson- Ehle A, Korner J, Volvo Side Impact Testing, The 10th International Technical Conference on EExperimental Safety Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Oxford, England, 1985

Topic: Methodology & real world data, Chest / pelvis side impact

Olsson JA, Skötte L-G, Svensson S-E, Air Bag system for Side Impact Protection, The 12th International Technical Conference on the Experimental Safety of Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Gothenburg, Sweden, 1989

Topic: Chest / pelvis side impact, Head side impact

Mellander H, Ivarsson J, Korner J, Nilsson S, Side Impact Protection System - A Description of the Technical Solutions and Statistical and Experimental tools, The 12th International Technical Conference on the Experimental Safety of Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Gothenburg, Sweden, 1989

Topic: Chest / pelvis side impact, Head side impact

Öhlund A, Saslecov V, A dynamic test method for a car’s interior side impact performance, Paper No. 91-S5-O-19, The 13th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Paris, France, 1991

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Chest / pelvis side impact, Head side impact

Pilhall S, Korner J, Ouchterlony B, SIPSBAG – A New, Seat-Mounted Side Impact Airbag System, The 14th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Munich, Germany, 1994

Topic: Chest / pelvis side impact, Head side impact

Jakobsson L, Norin H, Parameters Influencing Risk of AIS 1 Neck Injuries in Frontal and Side Impacts, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Montpellier, France, 2000

Topic: Whiplash frontal impact

Jakobsson L, Norin H, Bunketorp O, In-Depth Study of Whiplash Associated Disorders in Frontal Impacts: Influencing Factors and Consequences, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Munich, Germany, 2002

Topic: Whiplash frontal impact

Bunketorp O, Jakobsson L, Norin H, Comparison of frontal and rear-end impacts for car occupants with whiplash-associated disorders: symptoms and clinical finding, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Graz, Austria, 2004

Topic: Whiplash rear impact, Whiplash frontal impact

Bunketorp O, Gustafsson Y, Wenneberg B, Jakobsson L, Norin H, Symptoms and signs indicating temporomandibular disorders after cervical acceleration-deceleration trauma in car impacts, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, 2005

Topic: Whiplash rear impact, Whiplash frontal impact

Pipkorn B, Halldin P, Jakobsson L, Iraeus J, Backlund M, Mroz K, Lanner D, Holmqvist K, Kleiven S, Mathematical human body models in side impacts – A validation study with particular emphasis on the torso and shoulder and their influence on head and neck motion, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Bern, Switzerland, 2008

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Chest / pelvis side impact, Head side impact, Upper extr.

Distner M, Bengtsson M, Broberg T, Jakobsson L, City Safety – A system addressing rear-end collisions at low speeds, Paper No. 09-0371, The 21st International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles Conference (ESV), Stuttgart, Germany, 2009

Topic: Whiplash rear impact, Whiplash frontal impact

Jakobsson L, Lindman M, Upper extremity fractures in car accidents, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Hannover, Germany, 2010

Topic: Methodology + real world data , Chest / pelvis side impact, Head side impact

Isaksson-Hellman I, Lindman M, Real-world performance of City Safety based on Swedish insurance data, Paper no. 15-0121, The 24th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), Gothenburg, Sweden, 2015

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Whiplash rear impact, Whiplash frontal impact

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