Buy our cars:

Explore more than 60 years of research

The E.V.A. Initiative

We have studied more than 43,000 cars in real-life accidents with 72,000 occupants since the 1950s.

This collection of documents is the sample of the result of all our research and safety development, some to which access has been limited, up until now.

Throughout the years, it has contributed to many innovative systems such as WHIPS (Whiplash Injury Protection System), SIPS (Side Impact Protection System), and numerous child safety products.

We are now sharing this research by letting everyone download more than 40 years of research. We hope this will lead to safer cars for everyone - regardless of gender and size. Because at Volvo Cars, we will always put people first.

Åsberg, A, A Statistical Traffic Accident Analysis, The 4th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Kyoto Japan, 1973

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Whiplash rear impact

Saxmark O, Progress report on the air bag development for the Volvo experimental safety car (VESC), The 4th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Kyoto Japan, 1973

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Chest frontal impact, Head frontal (incl moose), abdomen frontal impact

Solberg Larsen L, Aasberg A, Biokinetic limits in automotive engineering, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Gothenburg, Sweden, 1979

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Mellander H, Bohlin N, A comparison between different dummies in car to car side impacts, The 8th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Wolfburg, Germany, 1980

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Chest / pelvis side impact

Nilsson-Ehle A, Norin H, Gustafsson C, Evaluation of a method for determining the velocity change in traffic accidents, The 9th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Kyoto, Japan, 1982

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Norin H, Nilsson-Ehle A, Gustavsson C, Volvo Traffic Accident Research Systems as a Tool for Side Impact Protection and Development, The 9th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Kyoto, Japan, 1982

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Chest / pelvis side impact

Ran A, Koch M, Mellander H, Fitting injury versus exposure data into a risk function, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Delft, The Netherlands, 1984

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Skötte L-G, Mellander H, Biss DJ, The use of the DRACR airbag simulation model as a design tool, The 10th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Oxford, England, 1985

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Nilsson M, Andersson K, Nilsson- Ehle A, Korner J, Volvo Side Impact Testing, The 10th International Technical Conference on EExperimental Safety Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Oxford, England, 1985

Topic: Methodology & real world data, Chest / pelvis side impact

Koch M, Recent work with a method for the fitting of injury versus exposure data into a risk function,Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Bergisch-Gladbach, Germany, 1988

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Lövsund P, Nilson G, Svensson MY, Terins JG, Passenger car crash worthiness in moose-car collisions, Paper No. 89-2A-W-019, The 12th International Technical Conference on the Experimental Safety of Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Gothenburg, Sweden, 1989

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Head frontal (incl moose)

Öhlund A, Saslecov V, A dynamic test method for a car’s interior side impact performance, Paper No. 91-S5-O-19, The 13th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Paris, France, 1991

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Chest / pelvis side impact, Head side impact

Norin H, Jernström C, Koch M, Ryrberg S, Svensson S-E, Avoiding Sub-optimized Occupant Safety by Multiple Speed Impact Testing, Paper No. 91-S9-O-89, The 13th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Paris, France, 1991 

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Norin H, Isaksson-Hellman I, Injury potential prediction of a safety design feature: A theoretical method based on simulations and traffic accident data, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Verona, Italy, 1992

Topic: Methodology & real world data 

Planath I, Rygaard C, Nilsson S, Synthesis of data towards neck protection criteria for children, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Verona, Italy, 1992

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Child safety

Norin H, Magnusson H and Koch M, Estimating crash severity in frontal collisions using the Volvo Digital Accident Research Recorder (DARR), Proceeding 27th ISATA Conference on road and vehicle safety, Achen, 1994

Topic: Methodology & real world data 

Andersson U, Koch M, Norin H, The Volvo Digital Accident Research Recorder (DARR) converting accident DARR pulses into different impact severity measures, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Hannover, Germany, 1997

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Jakobsson L, Lindman M, Does BMI (Body Mass Index) inluence the occupant injury risk pattern in car crashes?, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, 2005

Topic: Methodology & real world data 

Pipkorn B, Halldin P, Jakobsson L, Iraeus J, Backlund M, Mroz K, Lanner D, Holmqvist K, Kleiven S, Mathematical human body models in side impacts – A validation study with particular emphasis on the torso and shoulder and their influence on head and neck motion, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Bern, Switzerland, 2008

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Chest / pelvis side impact, Head side impact, Upper extr.

Broberg T, Jakobsson L, Isaksson-Hellman I, Pre-crash factors influencing drivers of older ages in intersection collisions, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Bern, Switzerland, 2008

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Léon Cano J A, Kovaceva J, Lindman M, Brännström M, Automatic incident detection and classification at intersections, Paper No. 09-0234, The 21st International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles Conference (ESV), Stuttgart, Germany, 2009

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Ljung Aust M, Gordon T, Blower D, Sardar H, Isaksson-Hellman I, Ivarsson J, Jakobsson L, Requirements and data sources needed for validation of component properties and performance in simulation based benefit assessment of driver assistance technologies, Paper No. 09-0438, The 21st International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles Conference (ESV), Stuttgart, Germany, 2009

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Schick S, Kullgren A, Tomasch E, Jakobsson L, Linder A, Gales N, Hell W, Basics for developing a female occupant model for investigating Cervical Spine Distortion injury (CSD), The 4th International Conference on ESAR, Expert Symposium on Accident Research, Hannover, Germany, 2010

Topic: Methodology + real world data , Whiplash rear impact

Lindman M, Ödblom A, Bergvall E, Eidehall A, Svanberg B, lukaszewicz T, Benefit estimation model for pedestrian auto brake functionality, The 4th International Conference on ESAR, Expert Symposium on Accident Research, Hannover, Germany, 2010

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Jakobsson L, Lindman M, Upper extremity fractures in car accidents, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Hannover, Germany, 2010

Topic: Methodology + real world data , Chest / pelvis side impact, Head side impact

Eugensson A, Ivarsson J, Lie A, Tingvall C, Cars are driven on roads, joint visions and modern technologies stress the need for co-operation, Paper No. 11-0352, The 22nd International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), Washington DC, USA, 2011

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Ljung Aust M, Eugensson A, Ivarsson J, Petersson M, Thinking about distraction – A conceptual framework for assessing driver – vehicle on-road performance in relation to secondary task activity, Paper No. 11-0320, The 22nd International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), Washington DC, USA, 2011

Topic: Methodology & real world data 

Carlsson S, Davidsson J, Volunteer occupant kinematics during driver initiated and autonomous braking when driving in real traffic environments, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Krakow, Poland, 2011

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Schmitt K-U, Weber T Svensson M, Davidsson J, Carlsson A, Björklund M, Jakobsson L, Tomasch E, Linder A, Seat testing to investigate the female neck injury risk – preliminary results using a new female dummy prototype, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Dublin, Ireland, 2012

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Whiplash rear impact

Jakobsson L, Lindman M, Carlsson H, Axelson A, Kling A, Large Animal Crashes: the Significance and Challenges, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Lyon, France, 2015

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Head frontal (incl moose)

Östh J, Marín Ólafsdóttir J, Brolin K, Davidsson J, Pipkorn B, Jakobsson L, Törnvall F, Lindkvist M, Muscle Activation Strategies in Human body Models for the Development of integrated Safety, Paper no. 15-0345, The 24th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), Gothenburg, Sweden, 2015

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Isaksson-Hellman I, Lindman M, Real-world performance of City Safety based on Swedish insurance data, Paper no. 15-0121, The 24th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), Gothenburg, Sweden, 2015

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Whiplash rear impact, Whiplash frontal impact

Östmann M, Jakobsson L, An Examination of Pre‐crash Braking Influence on Occupant Crash Response using an Active Human Body Mode, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Malaga, Spain, 2016

Topic: Methodology & real world data

Bohman, K, Stockman I, Jakobsson L, Wimmerstedt M, Kruse D, Sundmark H, Comparisons of Q10 original and different Q10 Euro NCAP 2020 update dummies in frontal and side impact sled tests, The 16th International Conference Protection of Children in Cars, Munich, Germany, 2018

Topic: Methodology + real world data , Child safety

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