Buy our cars:

Explore more than 60 years of research

The E.V.A. Initiative

We have studied more than 43,000 cars in real-life accidents with 72,000 occupants since the 1950s.

This collection of documents is the sample of the result of all our research and safety development, some to which access has been limited, up until now.

Throughout the years, it has contributed to many innovative systems such as WHIPS (Whiplash Injury Protection System), SIPS (Side Impact Protection System), and numerous child safety products.

We are now sharing this research by letting everyone download more than 40 years of research. We hope this will lead to safer cars for everyone - regardless of gender and size. Because at Volvo Cars, we will always put people first.

Saxmark O, Progress report on the air bag development for the Volvo experimental safety car (VESC), The 4th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Kyoto Japan, 1973

Topic: Methodology & real world data , Chest frontal impact, Head frontal (incl moose), abdomen frontal impact

Bohlin N, Fifteen years with the three point safety belt, IAATM 6th Int Conf, Melbourne, Australia, 1977

Topic: Chest frontal impact, Head frontal (incl moose), abdomen frontal impact

Bohlin NI, Refinements of restraint system design – A primary contribution to seat belt effectiveness in Sweden, International Symposium on Occupant Restraint, Toronto, Canada, 1981

Topic: Chest frontal impact

Almqvist R, Mellander H, Koch M, Frontal crash protection in a modern car concept, The 9th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Kyoto, Japan, 1982

Topic: Chest frontal impact, Head frontal (incl moose), abdomen frontal impact

Lundell B, Carlsson G, Nilsson P, Persson M, Rygaard C, Improving rear seat safety – A continuing process, Paper No. 91-S9-W-35, The 13th International Technical Conference on the Experimental Safety of Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Paris, France, 1991

Topic: Chest frontal impact, Head frontal (incl moose), abdomen frontal impact

Nilson G, Lövsund P, Thorngren L, Håland Y, Svensson S-E, The potential injury-reducing benefits of a well designed car seat, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1993

Topic: Chest frontal impact, Head frontal (incl moose), abdomen frontal impact, Lower extr. 

Lundell B, Norin H, Persson M, Pilhall S, Rear seat safety of estate cars – New concepts, Paper No. 94 -10-O-11, The 14th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Munich, Germany, 1994

Topic: Chest frontal impact

Turbell T, Andersson T, Kullgren A, Larsson P, Lundell B, Lövsund P, Nilsson C, Tingvall C, Optimizing seat belt usage by interlock systems, Paper No. 96-S1-O-07, The 15th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings, Melbourne, Australia, 1996

Topic: Chest frontal impact, Head frontal (incl moose), abdomen frontal impact

Jakobsson L, Kling A, Lindman M, Wågström L, Axelson A, Broberg T, McInally G, Severe Partial Overlap Crashes – A Methodology Representative of Car to Car Real World Frontal Crash Situations, Paper no. 13-0294, The 23rd International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), Seoul, Republic of Korea, 2013

Topic: Chest frontal impact, Head frontal (incl moose), abdomen frontal impact, Lower extr.

Mendoza-Vázquez M, Jakobsson L, Davidsson J, Brolin K, Östmann M, Evaluation of thoracic injury criteria for THUMS finite element human body model using real-world accident data, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Berlin, Germany, 2014

Topic: Chest frontal impact

Heurlin F, Jakobsson L, Nilsson H, Front passenger airbag benefits for restrained forward‐facing children, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, Malaga, Spain, 2016

Topic: Chest frontal impact, Head frontal (incl moose), Child safety

Jakobsson L, Bohman K, #SelfieForSafety: A crowd sourced study addressing the importance of shoulder belt position, Volvo Safety Report, Sweden, 2019

Topic: Chest frontal impact, Head frontal impact, Abdomen frontal impact, Methodology

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